. Virginia also ranks 21st among the states in the rate of premature deaths, 7,100 per 100,000 . ever rate of infant mortality, at 6.7 deaths per 1,000 . in 2010 African Americans experienced 28% more premature deaths than whites, while 13% of Virginians lack any health insurance .
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. The main three are deaths per billion passenger-journeys, deaths per billion passenger-hours and deaths per billion passenger-kilometers .
. Births and deaths before WW I Year Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Fertility rates 375. 97 .
. total 10.18 deaths/1,000 live births country comparison to the world 153 male 13.3 deaths/1,000 live births female 6.88 deaths/1,000 live births (2009) .Famous quotes containing the word deaths :
“ There is the guilt all soldiers feel for having broken the taboo against killing, a guilt as old as war itself. Add to this the soldiers sense of shame for having fought in actions that resulted, indirectly or directly, in the deaths of civilians. Then pile on top of that an attitude of social opprobrium, an attitude that made the fighting man feel personally morally responsible for the war, and you get your proverbial walking time bomb. ”
“ Death is too much for men to bear, whereas women, who are practiced in bearing the deaths of men before their own and who are also practiced in bearing life, take death almost in stride. They go to meet deaththat is, they attempt suicidetwice as often as men, though men are more successful because they use surer weapons, like guns. ”
I have heard talk of the recent surge in deaths in high school football over and over this fall. These events have been discussed on morning news shows and sports websites regularly. But I have also heard some people make the argument that high school football is safe when compared to activities like driving a car. I decided to discuss the data regarding deaths in high school football this season compared to recent decades for my latest newspaper column. You can – and should – decide for yourself (and your kids) if the risk is too high.
Tyrell Cameron. Ben Hamm. Evan Murray. Kenney Bui. Rod Williams. Cam’ron Matthews. Andre Smith. Luke Schemm.
These are all young athletes who have died this season playing high school football.
Direct vs. indirect fatalities in football
Deaths in a sport can be classified as either direct and indirect fatalities. Direct fatalities are those that result from football itself, such as a player suffering a broken neck tackling an opponent. Indirect deaths result from exertion while playing. Examples include heat stroke and cardiac deaths.
From available media reports, it appears that most of the young athletes listed above died from events directly caused by football. They died from brain injuries, cervical spine injuries or a lacerated spleen.
If these reports are accurate, then at least six of the deaths this fall are directly related to high school football. Add these to the 8 deaths in 2013 and 5 in 2014, and this three-year period marks the highest total since 1986-1988, according to Jason Lisk of The Big Lead.
Are these recent deaths part of a trend?
Whether or not this recent spike in fatalities is part of a trend or just an aberration remains to be seen.
Dr. Frederick Mueller, the former director of the National Center for Catastrophic Sport Injury Research, told me that in the 1960s and early 1970s, 25 to 30 athletes died each year as a result of head and neck injuries. In 1976, football banned spear tackling – the use of the helmet and facemask to block and tackle players. This change helped to dramatically cut fatalities in the sport.
According to data from the NCCSIR, 26 high school football players suffered deaths directly related to the sport between 2003 and 2012, or about 3 per year. 19 direct fatalities have occurred from 2013 through the end of the 2015 season, which appears to be a significant increase. It’s possible, however, that 24/7 media coverage and the proliferation of social media has helped to publicize deaths we might never have heard about in the past.
While it’s hard to conclude that deaths in high school football are becoming more common, it is clear that we aren’t making much headway in preventing them either.
Why aren’t deaths in high school football dropping?
Part of the problem could be the evolution of the sport at the high school level and the athletes who play it. Kids start playing competitively at a much younger age, so the high school game is played at a higher level than ever. Plus the athletes are bigger, faster and stronger and deliver hits with more force than they did decades ago.
More worrisome, though, are the deaths indirectly related to football. 62 indirect fatalities occurred between 2008 and 2014, according to NCCSIR data. Most deaths from heat stroke, sickling in athletes with sickle cell trait and heart issues can be prevented with rapid and appropriate medical response in the first few minutes. Yet these deaths seem to be rising.
Parents must decide if the risk is acceptable
I don’t present these statistics to scare anyone. The simple fact is that kids die playing football.
You might look at that number – 6 deaths directly caused by football this year – and think that it isn’t many when 1.1 million kids play high school football. Or you might be a parent who decides it is far too high.
We need more research on high school football deaths and new strategies to prevent them. Would creating more protective helmets make a difference? Would teaching proper tackling techniques help? Yes, we need those efforts and much, much more. But the last 40 years have shown us that we aren’t making much progress.
Football is more popular than ever, and kids want to play. Parents will have to decide if 6 deaths a year is an acceptable risk for their children.
Note: This article appears in a modified format as my sports medicine column in the November 25, 2015 issue of The Post and Courier.
Reports – Football fatalities and Data tables. National Center for Catastrophic Sport Injury Research. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Louisiana high school football player dies after injury. By Joe Sutton and Melissa Gray. CNN. September 6, 2015.
Bartlesville, Oklahoma High School Football Player Dies Following Head Injury. KFSM. BY Zuzanna Sitek. KFSM. September 21, 2015.
Coroner reveals N.J. high school QB’s cause of death. CBS New York. September 28, 2015.
Georgia football player Rod Williams dies nearly two weeks after collapsing in practice. By Cam Smith. USA TODAY High School Sports. October 7, 2015.
Kenney Bui: the life and death of a high school football player. By Les Carpenter. The Guardian. October 14, 2015.
Cam’ron Matthews, Alto High School Football Player, Dies After Game. By Andrew Rudansky, F. Brinley Bruton, Elisha Fieldstat and Jacquellena Carrero. NBC News. October 18, 2015.
Laughter, tears for Bogan football player; autopsy blames head injuries. Chicago Tribune. Nick Swedberg and Erin Gallagher. October 24, 2015.
Young football players die in Kansas, Ohio. By John Newsome. CNN. November 5, 2015.
High School Deaths Directly Due to Football Injuries are at Highest Three-Year Level Since Late 80’s. By Jason Lisk. The Big Lead. November 5, 2015.Post navigation Related Posts Head injuries in sports: Concussions are increasing Would non-contact football practice make the sport safer? Why we should – and why we shouldn’t – eliminate high school football
That’s Gotta Hurt The Injuries That Changed Sports Forever
Through the stories of a dozen athletes whose injuries and recovery advanced the field (including Joan Benoit, Michael Jordan, Brandi Chastain, and Tommy John), Dr. Geier explains how sports medicine makes sports safer for the pros, amateurs, student-athletes, and weekend warriors alike.
There was a time when the winning position in a game used to be decided by the death of the opponent. Eventually, the games began a decrease in terms of cruelty, and started to be used much as a recreational entertainment. Starting from social sports of medieval times where games were often struck by tragic deaths of participants, there are many ancient records which claim participant’s deaths during an ongoing event of any sport. Here we present ou the list of unfortunate Athletes Who Died During Game.
Arrachion of Phigalia was suffocated at the 564 BC Olympic Games during the pankration, and Iccus of Epidaurus was accidentally killed at the 492 BC Olympic Games during a boxing event. There are also records which claim that Pheidippides of Athens had died of exhaustion in 490 BC during the marathon running event. In modern days, all the events of any major sports have their own set of medical staff and emergency medical assistance to minimize the risk and to ensure care of any scenario after a fatal accident. But still, accidents and deaths can come in any form at any time, so here is the list of 10 Athletes Who Died During Game.10 Athletes Who Died During Game Ray Chapman
American baseball player Ray Chapman played as a shortstop for Cleveland Indians throughout his entire career. He is the only Major League Baseball player to face death from an injury during gameplay. Chapman holds the single-season record with 67 in 1917 and also placed sixth on the sacrifice hit all-time list. Chapman was hit by a pitch in the head thrown by Carl Mays of Yankees pitcher. This tragic accident happened in a game against the New York Yankees at the Polo Grounds on August 16, 1920. Chapman died in a New York City hospital 12 hours later the accident happened at about 4:30 A.M. Chapman was inducted into the Cleveland Indians Hall of Fame in 2006.Antonio Puerta
Spanish footballer Antonio Puerta played in Spain International Football team, Spain U21, Spain U23 and also played solely for Sevilla football club as left midfielder and an attacking left back. Puerta led his team Sevilla to achieve five major titles during his career with the club. He faced a series of cardiac arrests during a La Liga game against Getafe on the 25th August 2007 and died on 28 August 2007 affected with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. Puerta collapsed in the penalty area due to a cardiac arrest at homeground Sánchez Pizjuán against Getafe CF after only 35 minutes of the game. as a tribute all 22 participants having the name ‘PUERTA’ printed on the back of their jersey in Sevilla vs A.C. Milan on 31 August 2007.Duk Koo Kim
South Korean boxer Duk Koo Kim won 17 fights out of 20 fights that he ever participated in, out of which 8 wins came by knock-outs with his traditional Southpaw stance. He died during a world championship boxing match against Ray Mancini on November 13, 1982. Referee Richard Green stopped the fight after Kim went flying into the ropes because of simultaneous hard right-hand punches by Mancini and declared Mancini the winner by TKO nineteen seconds into the 14th round. He was rushed to the hospital where he was found to have “a subdural hematoma consisting of 100 cc of blood in his skull.” Koo Kim died four days after the fight with Mancini on November 17.Frank Hayes
American jockey and longtime stableman Frank Hayes was a champion horse trainer during the first two decades of 20th century. He suffered a fatal heart attack at Belmont Park in New York State, USA in the midst of a steeplechase on June 4, 1923. His heartbeat stopped while riding a 20-1 outsider horse called Sweet Kiss, owned by Miss A.M. Frayling. His body remained in the saddle throughout the race, but it was proved that he had apparently died somewhere in the middle of the race. The horse Sweet Kiss crossed the finish line in the lead with Hayes technically still atop her back which made Hayes the first and the only jockey known to have won a race after death. The horse Sweet Kiss was nicknamed “Sweet Kiss of Death” for the rest of her active life.Chuck Hughes
American football wide receiver Chuck Hughes played for Philadelphia Eagles from 1967 to 1969 and for Detroit Lions from 1970 to 1971 in the National Football League. Hughes is the only NFL player to die on the field during a game till date. He was drafted in the fourth round in the 1967 NFL Draft by the Philadelphia Eagles. Hughes suffered a fatal heart attack during the final minutes of a match while playing for the Detroit Lions against the Chicago Bears at Tiger Stadium in Detroit on October 24, 1971. He collapsed on the Chicago Bears’ 15-yard line while jogging back to the huddle. To honor his contribution towards the achievements of the club at the NBA, Detroit Lions retired his number 85.Reggie Lewis
American professional basketball player Reggie Lewis played as a Small forward for the Boston Celtics in the NBA from 1987 to 1993. He was drafted in the first round as 22nd overall in the 1987 NBA Draft by the Boston Celtics. Lewis was named America East Conference Player of the Year three times and became the NBA All-Star in 1992. After he achieved the 20.8 average points per game in each of his last two seasons with the Celtics, he suffered sudden cardiac death on the basketball court on July 27, 1993 at an off-season practice at Brandeis University in Waltham, Massachusetts. After the tragic death of Lewis, his Number 35 jersey was retired by the Boston Celtics and also by the Northeastern.Bill Masterton
Canadian–American professional ice hockey centre Bill Masterton is the only player to die as a direct result of injuries during a game in NHL history. He played for the Minnesota North Stars in the National Hockey League in 1967–68 season. He faced a severe internal brain injury on the game against the Oakland Seals at the Met Center during the first period of Minnesota on January 13, 1968. The impact from the collision with Larry Cahan and Ron Harris caused Masterton to bleed from his nose, ears and mouth. He received emergency medical treatment in the dressing room and then rushed to Fairview-Southdale Hospital but died without ever regaining consciousness on January 15, some 30 hours after his tragic sports accident.Marc Vivien Foe
Cameroonian international footballer Marc Vivien Foe played 64 international matches as a midfielder for the Cameroon national football team and also played for famous clubs such as West Ham United, Olympique Lyonnais and also at Manchester City on loan. Vivien scored 8 goals during international appearances and scored 24 goals in his 201 club match appearances. This football superstar died at the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup where Cameroon faced Colombia in the semi-final at the Stade de Gerland in Lyon, France on 26 June 2003. Marc collapsed in the centre circle and died during the 72nd minute of the game due to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. As a tribute Manchester City retired his number 23 shirt and Lyon also retired his number 17 jersey.Dale Earnhardt
American race car driver and team owner Dale Earnhardt is considered one of the best NASCAR drivers of all time and was nicknamed “The Intimidator” for his aggressive driving style. He won the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series 76 times and was placed in Top10 428 times and also won the NASCAR Nationwide Series 21 times and was placed in Top10, 75 times. Earnhardt was involved in a tragic last-lap crash while driving in the 2001 Daytona 500 at Daytona International Speedway on February 18, 2001 and died because of basilar skull fracture. After his tragic accident where his legendary saga stops, he was inducted in the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 2006 and also inducted in the NASCAR Hall of Fame in 2010.Ayrton Senna
Brazilian racing driver Ayrton Senna is considered one of the greatest drivers in the history of F1. He is the third most successful driver of all time in terms of race wins with his 41 wins, 80 podiums and 3 championship titles. He holds a record of six titles at the Monaco Grand Prix and also acclaimed for his wet weather performances at 1984 Monaco Grand Prix, 1985 Portuguese Grand Prix and at the 1993 European Grand Prix. Senna died during his final race at the San Marino Grand Prix organized between Thursday, 28 April and Sunday, 1 May 1994, hosted at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari circuit in Imola, Italy. He met with a tragic accident on lap 7 where he ran in a straight line off the track and hit the concrete wall at 233 kilometers per hour.
There were also sad events where fans of sports were shocked by tragic accidents or disasters which took player life. First round draft pick of the Minnesota Vikings Korey Stringer died due to a heat stroke during training camp on August 1, 2001. One of the most charismatic ball handlers in NBA history Pistol Pete Maravich collapsed and died of heart failure at the age 40 in a pickup game on January 5, 1988.
More to add up in the list of Athletes Who Died During Game. Feel free to comment below.
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2017 OFFENSIVE LINES Regular season totals, through Week 5 Revised as of 10/10/2017
Teams are ranked according to Adjusted Line Yards. Based on regression analysis, the Adjusted Line Yards formula takes all running back carries and assigns responsibility to the offensive line based on the following percentages:
These numbers are then adjusted based on down, distance, situation, opponent, and the difference in rushing average between shotgun compared to standard formations. Finally, we normalize the numbers so that the league average for Adjusted Line Yards per carry is the same as the league average for RB yards per carry. These stats are explained further here. Note that in earlier seasons, numbers were normalized to the average RB yards per carry over multiple years. A change in the 2017 offseason has set each year to normalize RB yards per carry for that season only. As of right now, that change is only made on the 2016 and 2017 OL/DL pages.
Opponent adjustments are currently at 50 percent strength.
The following stats are not adjusted for opponent:
NFL averages for each stat given in red .
Why are these rankings different from the team offense DVOA ratings for rushing? Among other reasons, they don't include quarterbacks or fumbles, long runs are truncated, and a different set of adjustments is used, attempting to isolate line play rather than total team offense.
A team with a high ranking in Adjusted Line Yards but a low ranking in Open Field Yards is heavily dependent on its offensive line to make the running game work. A team with a low ranking in Adjusted Line Yards but a high ranking in Open Field Yards is heavily dependent on its running back breaking long runs to make the running game work.
However, it is important to understand that these ratings only somewhat separate the offensive line from the running backs. A team with a very good running back will appear higher no matter how bad their line, and a team with a great line with appear lower if the running back is terrible.
Stats in blue represent pass blocking. Teams are ranked according to Adjusted Sack Rate, which gives sacks (plus intentional grounding penalties) per pass attempt adjusted for down, distance, and opponent. Pass blocking stats are explained further here. Our sack totals may differ slightly from official NFL totals depending on the league's retroactive statistical adjustments.
The second table lists each team's Adjusted Line Yards in each direction listed in official NFL play-by-play, along with rank among the 32 teams. Only five directions are listed because research so far shows no statistically significant difference between how well a team performs on runs listed middle, left guard, and right guard.
The third table lists how often each team runs in each direction. Numbers may not add up to 100% due to carries listed without direction. Certain teams may have abnormal splits because of specific official scorer tendencies.FOOTBALL OUTSIDERS Innovative Statistics Intelligent Analysis Interesting Information
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